Document Type : Research Paper


Russian Studies, , Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran



Access and control of Energy has not only been historically instrumental in the sociopolitical and economic shaping of nations but also central to the global world of politics, systems and in geopolitics. Energy resources of the Russian Federation have made it more influential in world politics. Energy and geopolitical issues are especially important to modern People’s Republic of China as a tool for its economic growth. Nonetheless, the energy negotiations since the end of the cold war in the 1990s have been long and unproductive because both nations are on both sides of the energy market. For the Russian Federation revenue from its oil and gas sector traditionally makes up a large portion of its budget and is thus unwilling to make concessions and involve China in its major upstream energy projects. In the interim China also seeks to diversify its oil and gas resources and imports for its own political dependency, growth and in order to prevent countries from overreliance on one single source and market. Despite the limitations of the Russian-Chinese cooperation in the field of energy, the relations between the two countries in this area are moving to a new level.


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