Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate in India Studies, Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran

2 Department of South and East Asian and Oceania Studies, faculty of world studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD Candidate in International Relations, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran


China is actively engagement in Afghanistan, especially with the Neo-Taliban. This shoes changes in China's policy. They invited the Neo-Taliban delegations to their country several times and tried to expand their role in the country. The present study examines the impact of China's active engagement with the Neo-Taliban using Ibn Khaldun's Social Theory and Discourse Analysis. Questioning the nature of active engagement of China with Neo- Taliban, hypothesis was an increase in insecurity overflow from Afghanistan to China, and at the same time, more insecurity complications in Afghanistan against china’s interests, It became clear that the Neo-Taliban's increasing interaction with China was to the detriment of the group, and ultimately China. The Doha peace agreement requested the control and restriction of foreign fighters residing in Afghanistan, which for the foreign fighters, including the Uighurs, were a reminder of the restrictions imposed on them before the fall of the Islamic Emirate. But at least Mullah Omar did not openly engage with China. This will delegitimize the Afghan Neo-Taliban and ultimately create a disperse Neo-Taliban with a fragile legitimacy whose fragility is not ending to collapse but will not serve China's interests as well.


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