In today’s world which is rife with civil wars, terrorist activities and other different forms of violence, peace has complex nature affected by different social, economic, cultural, political and also psychological factors. One of the states of the society which may pave the way for conflict or other forms of violence is anomie. Anomie, as a societal state in which there is a threat of violence, war or terrorist activities, provides a rich area of study to develop deeper insights into conflictive contexts. After developing a theoretical framework and using formerly developed measurements and the sequence results, we conduct two studies to further investigate the relation between anomie and peace/conflict. We show that internal peace is associated with the breakdown in leadership and social fabric (Study 1A). Therefore, dysregulated and disintegrated societies as the result of breakdown in leadership and social fabric respectively, pave the way for direct and indirect violence. Also, we show that anomie has an important role in predicting the contexts where conflict exist (Study 1B). The results show that anomie data can be useful to forecast the contexts in which there is a potential conflict. The findings also highlight the importance of anomie in being peaceful or conflictive of the societies.