Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Political Geography, University of Tehran. Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor

3 Associate Professor/university of Tehran

4 not listed

Abstract

The rise of the far right is one of the significant challenges facing European countries, the growing Eurosceptic and nativist attitudes in Central Europe has resulted in transforming a regional alliance based on anti-immigration concerns. Despite the fact that the Visegrád 4 group, (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia), was founded in the early 1990s with the aim of extricating itself from the legacy of communism and pushing towards the Western liberal democracy, it has recently become a base to oppose EU and promote nativism and illiberal democracy. Adopting a descriptive-analytical approach this paper reviews the rise of nativism and Euroscepticism with a historical perspective as well as examining the political geography of Central Europe. Findings reveal that the influxes of refugees to Europe and rising xenophobia along with cultural concerns specially about Muslims have been the driving force behind the growth of the far right parties. Additionally, the geopolitical situation of these countries and the external borders of the European Union played an important role in turning the refugee crisis into a driving factor of Euroscepticism

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