Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 English Language and Literature PHD candidate at University of Tehran Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures

2 Faculty member at University of Tehran Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures

Abstract

At the end of the 19th century the British Empire faced numerous challenges, both external and internal. The cultural and political elite from across the Empire tried to find a solution to these crises. Alfred Milner was a member of this cultural and political elite. He contended that in order to safeguard the Empire, the Anglo-Saxon race had to embrace what he called “Constructive Imperialism” and gain an “imperial consciousness”. The aim of this article is first to analyze the nature of the crises the Empire faced and discover how they shaped Milner’s brand of Imperialism; second to situate Alfred Milner’s Constructive Imperialism in its cultural and political milieu; third to find its roots in the greater history of the British Empire; and finally to find out why Alfred Milner failed to convince the Empire to embrace Constructive Imperialism. In order to reach its defined objectives this article examines Alfred Milner’s Constructive Imperialism from a historical standpoint and then utilizes the Contrapuntal Analysis of Edward Said to further investigate its narrative.

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