U.S. Strategy toward Africa and Trump's Rivalry Competition: A Neo-Classical Approach

Document Type: Original Article


1 PhD in American Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Central and Southern African Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


This article illustrates the fact that the U.S. administration's behavior toward Africa has always been shaped by the conception of rivalries' presence, rather than the potentials of the continent. In recent years, with the emergence of America’s rivals, such as China and Russia in Africa in the continent, who have invested not only in the African economy, but also in its security and military sectors, the notion of rivalries' limitation has been exaggerated in U.S. decision making toward Africa. Using a neoclassical approach, by analyzing the dynamism of the U.S. foreign policies toward Africa and Trump's rivalry-based policies, this article concludes that Trumps' African policy has not been different from that of his predecessors, and that the U.S. has always adopted a neoclassical realism approach toward Africa, which has been invigorated by the presidency of Trump.


Main Subjects